For older publications, please check Madhur Anand’s Google Scholar profile Note: Asterisks indicate HQP

  1. Bauch, C.T. and Anand, M., (2022). Reply to Dablander and Bury: Dealing with the unknown unknowns of deep learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(37): e2210407119.
  2. Farahbakhsh, I., Bauch, C.T. and Anand, M.,(2022). Modelling coupled human–environment complexity for the future of the biosphere: strengths, gaps and promising directions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 377(1857): 20210382.
  3. Guo, W.Y., Serra-Diaz, J.M., Schrodt, F., Eiserhardt, W.L., Maitner, B.S., Merow, C., Violle, C., Anand, M., Belluau, M., Bruun, H.H. and Byun, C.,(2022). High exposure of global tree diversity to human pressure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(25): e2026733119.
  4. Overbeck, G.E., Vélez-Martin, E., da Silva Menezes, L., Anand, M., Baeza, S., Carlucci, M.B., Dechoum, M.S., Durigan, G., Fidelis, A., Guido, A. and Moro, M.F., (2022). Placing Brazil’s grasslands and savannas on the map of science and conservation. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics:125687.
  5. Rosenfield*, M. F., Miedema Brown*, L., Anand, M.. (2022). Increasing cover of natural areas at smaller scales can improve the provision of biodiversity and ecosystem services in agroecological mosaic landscapes. Journal of environmental management. 303; 114248.
  6. Milne, R.*, Bauch, C.T. & Anand, M. (2022). Local overfishing patterns have regional effects on health of coral, and economic transitions can promote its recovery. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. 84(4): 1-23.
  7. Cardou, F., Munson, A.D., Boisvert-Marsh, L., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W.F., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N.J., Gravel, D., Hamel, B., Hébert, F., Johnstone, J.F., Kumordzi, B.B., MacDonald,S.E., Mallik, A., McIntosh, A.C.S., McLaren, J.R., Messier, C., Morris, D., Bill Shipley, B., Sirois, L., Thiffault, N., & Aubin, I. (2022). Above-and belowground drivers of intraspecific trait variability across subcontinental gradients for five ubiquitous forest plants in North America. Ecology.
  8. Miedema Brown, L.*, Anand, M. (2022). Plant functional traits as measures of ecosystem service provision. Ecosphere. 13(2): e3930.
  9. Butler, E.E., Wythers, K.R., Flores‐Moreno, H., Ricciuto, D.M., Datta, A., Banerjee, A., Atkin, O.K., Kattge, J., Thornton, P.E., Anand, M., Burrascano, S., Byun, C., Cornelissen, JHC,  Forey, E., Jansen, S., Kramer, K., Minden, V., Reich, P.B. (2022). Increasing functional diversity in a global land surface model illustrates uncertainties related to parameter simplification. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeoscience. 127(3), e2021JG006606.
  10. Jnawali, K., Anand, M., Bauch, C.T. (2022). Stochasticity-induced persistence in coupled social-ecological systems. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 542
  11. Joswig, J. S., Wirth, C., Schuman, M. C., Kattge, J., Reu B., Wright, I. J., Sippel, S. D., Rüger, N., Richter, R., Schaepman, M. E., van Bodegom, P. M., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Díaz, S., Hattingh, W. N., Kramer, K., Lens, F., Niinemets, Ü., Reich, P. B., Reichstein, M., Römermann, C., Schrodt, F., Anand, M., Bahn, M., Byun, C., Campetella, G., Cerabolini, B. E. L., Craine, J. M., Gonzalez-Melo, A., Gutiérrez, A. G., He, T., Higuchi, P., Jactel, H., Kraft, N. J. B., Minden, V., Onipchenko, V., Peñuelas, J., Pillar, V. D., Sosinski, Ê., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Weiher, E., Mahecha M. D. (2022). Climatic and soil factors explain the two-dimensional spectrum of global plant trait variation. Nature Ecology & Evolution. 6(1): 36-50.
  12. Phillips, B., Browne, D.T., Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2021). Model-based projections for COVID-19 outbreak size and -days lost to closure in Ontario childcare centres and primary schools.Scientific reports. 11(1): 6402.
  13. Frangipani, M.A., Müller, S.C., & Anand, M. (2021). Frost hinders the establishment of trees in highland grasslands in the Atlantic Forest ecotone region of southern Brazil. Journal of Vegetation Science. 32(4): e13053.
  14. Dietrich, R*., Bell, F.W., & Anand, M. (2021). Site-level soil moisture controls water-use efficiency improvement and climate response in sugar maple: a dual dendroisotopic study. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 51(999): 1-12.
  15. Bianchi, T.S., Anand, M., Bauch, C.T., Canfield, D.E., De Meester, L., Fennel, K., Groffman, P.M., Pace, M.L., Saito, M., & Simpson, M.J. (2021). Ideas and perspectives: Biogeochemistry–some key foci for the future. Biogeosciences. 18(10): 3005–3013.
  16. Karatayev V.A., Vasconcelos, V.V., Lafuite, A.S., Levin, S.A., Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M. (2021). A welltimed shift from local to global agreements accelerates climate change mitigation.Nature communications. 12(1): 2908.
  17. Schonfeld, J., Qian, E., Sinn, J., Cheng, J., Anand, M., Bauch, C. T. (2021). Debates about vaccines and climate change on social media networks: a study in contrasts. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications. 8(1): 1-10.
  18. Fair, K.R., Karatayev, V., Anand, M. & Bauch, C.T. (2021). Estimating COVID-19 cases and deaths prevented by non-pharmaceutical interventions in 2020-2021, and the impact of individual actions: a retrospective model-based analysis. Epidemics.
  19. Jentsch, P.C., Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2021). Prioritising COVID-19 vaccination in changing social and epidemiological landscapes: a mathematical modelling study. The Lancet. Infectious diseases.
  20. Pal, S., Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M. (2021). Coupled social and land use dynamics affect dietary choice and agricultural land-use extent. Communications Earth \& Environment. 2(1): 1–11.
  21. Menard, J., Bury, T.M., Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M. (2021). When conflicts get heated, so does the planet: coupled social-climate dynamics under inequality. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 288(1959): 20211357.
  22. Penney, M.D., Yargic, Y., Smolin, L., Thommes, E.W., Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2021). “Hot-spotting” to improve vaccine allocation by harnessing digital contact tracing technology: An application of percolation theory. Plos one. 16(9): e0256889.
  23. Kelly, R., Healy, K., Anand, M., Baudraz, M., Bahn, M., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Dwyer, J.M., Jackson, A.L., Kattge, J. and Niinemets, U. (2021). Climatic and evolutionary contexts are required to infer plant life history strategies from functional traits at a global scale. Ecology Letters.
  24. Jentsch, P.C.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2021). Prioritising COVID-19 vaccination in changing social and epidemiological landscapes: a mathematical modelling study. The Landcet Infectious Diseases. medRxiv.
  25. Fair, K.R.*, Karatayev, V.A.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2021). Population behavioural dynamics can mediate the persistence of emerging infectious diseases. medRxiv.
  26. Dietrich, R.*, Bell, F.W., & Anand, M. (2021). Site-level soil moisture controls water-use efficiency improvement and climate response in sugar maple: a dual dendroisotopic study. Canadian Journal of Forest Research51(999), 1-12.
  27. Bianchi, T. S., Anand, M., Bauch, C. T., Canfield, D. E., De Meester, L., Fennel, K., … & Simpson, M. J. (2020). Ideas and perspectives: Biogeochemistry–Its Future Role in Interdisciplinary Frontiers. Biogeosciences Discussions, 1-14.
  28. Fair, K.*, Karatayev, V., Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2021). Estimating COVID-19 cases and deaths prevented by non-pharmaceutical interventions in 2020-2021, and the impact of individual actions: a retrospective model-based analysis. medRxiv.
  29. Fair, K. R.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2020). Spatial structure in protected forest‐grassland mosaics: Exploring futures under climate change. Global Change Biology, 26(11), 6097-6115. 
  30. Farahbakhsh, I.*, Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2020). Best response dynamics improve sustainability and equity outcomes in common-pool resources problems, compared to imitation dynamics. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 110476.
  31. Bury, T. M.*, Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2020). Detecting and distinguishing tipping points using spectral early warning signals. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 17(170), 20200482.
  32. Jentsch, P. C.*, Bauch, C. T., Yemshanov, D., & Anand, M. (2020) Go big or go home: A model-based assessment of general strategies to slow the spread of forest pests via infested firewood. PLOS ONE, 15(9), e0238979.
  33. Fair, K. R.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2020). Spatial structure in protected forest‐grassland mosaics: Exploring futures under climate change. Global Change Biology, 26(11), 6097-6115.
  34. Karatayev, V. A.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2020). Local lockdowns outperform global lockdown on the far side of the COVID-19 epidemic curve. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(39), 24575-24580.
  35. Karatayev, V. A.*, Vasconcelos, V. V., Lafuite, A. S., Levin, S. A., Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2020). A well-timed switch from local to global agreements accelerates climate change mitigation. arXiv preprint arXiv:2007.13238.
  36. Wang, Z., Jusup, M., Guo, H., Shi, L., Geček, S., Anand, M., … & Schellnhuber, H. J. (2020). Communicating sentiment and outlook reverses inaction against collective risks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(30), 17650-17655.
  37. Guo, W. Y., Serra-Diaz, J. M., Schrodt, F., Eiserhardt, W. L., Maitner, B. S., Merow, C., … & Belluau, M. (2020). Paleoclimate and current climate collectively shape the phylogenetic and functional diversity of trees worldwide. bioRxiv.
  38. Boonman, C. C., Beńıtez-López, A., Schipper, A. M., Thuiller, W., Anand, M., Cerabolini, B. E., Cornelissen, J, H., Gonzalez-Melo, A., Hattingh, W, N., Higuchi, P., & Laughlin, D. C., (2020). Assessing the reliability of predicting plant trait distributions at the global scale. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 29(6), 1-18.
  39. Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2020). COVID-19: When should quarantine be enforced?. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(9), 994-995.
  40. Phillips, B.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2020). Spatial early warning signals of social and epidemiological tipping points in a coupled behaviour-disease network. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-12.
  41. Herberich, M. M.*, Gayler, S., Anand, M., & Tielbörger, K. (2020). Biomass–density relationships of plant communities deviate from the self‐thinning rule due to age structure and abiotic stress. Oikos, 129(9), 1393-1403.
  42. Pal, S., Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2020). Coupled social-land dynamics and the future of sustainable consumption. bioRxiv.
  43. Menard, J., Bury, T., Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2020). When conflicts get heated, so does the planet: social-climate dynamics under inequality. bioRxiv.
  44. Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Díaz, S., Lavorel, S., Prentice, I. C., Leadley, P., Tautenhahn, S., Werner, G, D., Aakala, T., Abedi, M., Acosta, A. T., et al. (2020). TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology, 26(1), 119-188.
  45. Karatayev, V.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2020). The far side of the COVID-19 epidemic curve: local re-openings based on globally coordinated triggers may work best. medRxiv.
  46. Pedro, S. A., Ndjomatchoua, F. T., Jentsch, P.*, Tcheunche, J. M., Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2020). Conditions for a second wave of COVID-19 due to interactions between disease dynamics and social processes. Frontiers in Physics, 574514.
  47. Thampi, V. A., Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2019). Socio-ecological mechanisms for persistence of native Australian grasses under pressure from nitrogen runoff and invasive species. Ecological Modelling, 413, 108830.
  48. Capmourteres*, V., Shaw, S., Miedema*, L., & Anand, M. (2019). A complex systems framework for the sustainability doughnut. People and Nature, 1(4), 497-506.
  49. Flores‐Moreno, H., Fazayeli, F., Banerjee, A., Datta, A., Kattge, J., Butler, E. E., … Anand, M., …& Bahn, M. (2019). Robustness of trait connections across environmental gradients and growth forms. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28(12), 1806-1826.
  50. Sigdel, R., Anand, M., & Bauch, C. T. (2019). Convergence of socio-ecological dynamics in disparate ecological systems under strong coupling to human social systems. Theoretical Ecology, 12(3), 285-296.
  51. Kumordzi, B., Aubin, I., Cardou, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Brousseau, M., de-grandpre, L., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N., Gravel, D., Macdonald, S., Hamel, B., Higelin, M., Hebert, F., Isabel, N., Mallik, A., Mcintosh, A., McLaren, J., Messier, C., Morris, D., Thiffault, N., Tremblay, J.P., Munson, A. (2019). Geographic scale and disturbance influence intraspecific trait variability in leaves and roots of North American understory plants. Functional Ecology.
  52. Nowack, S.*, Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2019). A local optimization framework for addressing conservation conflicts in mosaic ecosystems. PloS one, 14(5), e0217812-e0217812.
  53. Bury*, T.M., Bauch, C. T. , Anand, M. (2019). Charting pathways to climate change mitigation in a coupled socio-climate model. PloS Computational Biology. 15(6): e1007000.
  54. Miedema*, L., Capmourteres*, V., Anand, M. (2019). Impact of land composition and configuration on the functional trait assembly of forest communities in southern Ontario. Ecosphere. 10(3): e02633.
  55. Oraby, T.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C.T. (2018). The Environmental Kuznets Curve Fails in a Globalized Socio- Ecological Metapopulation: A Sustainability Game Theory Approach. Handbook of Statistics 39: 315-341.
  56. Capmourteres, V.*, Adams, J., Berg, A., Fraser, E., Swanton, C., Anand, M. (2018). Precision conservation meets precision agriculture: a case study from Southern Ontario. Agricultural Systems. 167: 176-185.
  57. Rizvi, S.*, Pagnutti, C., Fraser, E., Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2018). Global land use implications of dietary trends. PloS one, 13(8), e0200781.
  58. Jentsch, P.*, Bauch, C., & Anand, M. (2018). Spatial correlation as an early warning signal of regime shifts in a multiplex disease-behaviour network. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 447, 17-25.
  59. KC, K.B., Dias, G.M., Veeramani, A., Swanton, C.J., Fraser, D., Steinke, D., Lee, E., Wittman, H., Farber, J.M., Dunfield, K., McCann, K., Anand, M., Campbell, M., Rooney, N., Raine, N., Van Acker, R., Hanner, R., Pascoal, S., Sharif, S., Benton, T., Fraser, E. (2018). When too much isn’t enough: Does current food production meet global nutritional needs?. PloS one. 13(10): e0205683.
  60. Thampi, V.*, Anand, M., & Bauch, C. (2018). Socio-ecological dynamics of Caribbean coral reef ecosystems and conservation opinion propagation. Scientific Reports, 8 (2597).
  61. Capmourteres, V. *, Rooney, N., & Anand, M. (2018). Assessing the Causal Relationships of Ecological Integrity: a re-evaluation of Karr’s iconic Index of Biotic Integrity. Ecosphere, 9 (3), e02168.
  62. Leon Cordero, R.*, M., S., Krishnan, S., Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M. (2018). Elements of indigenous socio-ecological knowledge show resilience despite ecosystem change in the forest-grassland mosaics of the Nilgiri Hills, India. Palgrave communications. 4(105): 1-9.
  63. Dietrich, R.*, Gore, S.*, Hossain, S. M. Y., & Anand, M.(2017). Over and understory controls on red pine establishment and seedling survival in the largest remaining old-growth red pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 385: 57-64.
  64. Sidgel, R., Bauch, C., & Anand, M. (2017). Competition between injunctive social norms and conservation priorities gives rise to complex dynamics in a model of forest growth and opinion dynamics. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 432, 132-140.
  65. Bell, F. W., Dacosta, J., Newmaster, S. G., Mallik, A., Hunt, S., Anand, M., Maloles, J., Peng, C., Parton, J., McLaughlin, J., Winters, J., Wester, M., & Shaw, M. (2017). The NEBIE plot network: Highlights of long-term scientific studies. The Forestry Chronicle 93(2), 122-137.
  66. Herberich, M., Gayler, S., Anand, M., & Tielbörger, K. (2017). Hydrological niche segregation of plant functional traits in an individual-based model. Ecological Modeling. 356: 14-24.
  67. Fair, K. R.*, Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2017). Dynamics of the Global Wheat Trade Network and Resilience to Shocks. Scientific reports 7(1): 7177.
  68. Chillo, V.*, Ojeda, R., Capmourteres, V.*, & Anand, M. (2016). Functional diversity loss with increasing livestock grazing intensity in drylands: the mechanisms and their consequences depend on the taxa. Journal of Applied Ecology.
  69. Galvani, A. P.*, Bauch, C. T., Anand, M., Singer, B. H., & Levin, S. A.(2016). Human–environment interactions in population and ecosystem health. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(51): 14502–14506.
  70. Bauch, C. T., Sigdel, R., Pharaon, J.*, & Anand, M.(2016). Early warning signals of regime shifts in coupled human–environment systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(51): 14560–14567.
  71. Bell, W., Lamb, E., Sharma. M., Hunt, S., Anand, M., Dacosta, J., & Newmaster, S. (2016). Relative influence of climate, soils, and disturbance on plant species richness in northern temperate and boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 381: 93-105.
  72. Dietrich, R.*, Bell, F. W., Silva, L. C., Cecile, A.*, Horwath, W. R., & Anand, M. (2016). Climatic sensitivity, water-use efficiency, and growth decline in boreal jack pine (Pinus banksiana) forests in Northern Ontario. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 121(10): 2761-2774.
  73. Henderson, K.A.*, Reis, M., Blanco, C.*, Pillar, V., Printes, R., Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M. (2016). Landowner perceptions of the value of natural forest and natural grassland in a mosaic ecosystem in southern Brazil. Sustainability Science. 11(2): 321-330.
  74. Yodzis, M.*, Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M. (2016). Coupling fishery dynamics, human health and social learning in a model of fish-borne pollution exposure. Sustainability Science. 11(2): 179-192.
  75. Jiang, Z.*, Ma, K., Anand, M. (2016). Can the physiological tolerance hypothesis explain herb richness patterns along an elevational gradient: a trait-based analysis. Community Ecology. 17(1): 17-23.
  76. Leon Cordero, R.*, Torchelsen, P., Overbeck, G.E., & Anand, M.(2016). Analyzing the landscape characteristics promoting the establishment and spread of gorse (Ulex europaeus) along roadsides. Ecosphere. 7(3)
  77. Henderson, K.A*., Bauch, C. T., & Anand, M. (2016). Alternative stable states and the sustainability of forests, grasslands, and agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(51): 14552– 14559.
  78. Das, A.*, John, R., & Anand, M. (2016). Does structural connectivity influence tree species distributions and abundance in a naturally discontinuous tropical forest formation?. Journal of Vegetation Science. 28: 7-18.
  79. Leon Cordero, R.*, Torchelsen, F., Overbeck, G.E., & Anand, M. (2016). Invasive gorse (Ulex europaeus, Fabaceae) changes plant community structure in subtropical forest-grassland mosaics of southern Brazil. Biological Invasions. 18(6): 1629-1643.
  80. Leon Cordero, R.*, Torchelsen, P., Overbeck, G.E., & Anand, M. (2016). Cytisus scoparius (Fam. Fabaceae) in southern Brazil – first step of an invasion process?. Anais da Academia Brasileira das Cièncias. 88(1): 149-154.
  81. Capmourteres, V.*, & Anand, M. (2016). “Conservation Value”: a review of the concept and its quantification. Ecosphere. 7(10): e01476.
  82. Ashiq, M.W.*, & Anand, M.(2016). Spatial and temporal variability in dendroclimatic response of red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) to climate in northern Ontario. Forest Ecology and Management. 372: 109-119.
  83. Capmourteres, V.*, & Anand, M. (2016). Assessing ecological integrity: A multi-scale structural and functional approach using Structural Equation Modeling. Ecological indicators. 71: 258-269.
  84. Chillo, V.*, Ojeda, R., Anand, M., & Reynolds, J.(2015). A novel approach to assess livestock management effects on biodiversity of drylands. Ecological Indicators. 50: 69-78.
  85. Schram, L.*, Wagner, C.*, McMullin, T., & Anand, M.(2015). Lichen communities along a pollution gradient 40 years after decommissioning of a Cu-Ni smelter. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 22(12): 9323-9331.
  86. Zhang, Y.*, Ma, K., Anand, M., Ye, W., & Fu, B.(2015). Scale dependence of the beta diversity-scale relationship. Community Ecology. 16(1): 39-47.
  87. Ali, Q.*, Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M.(2015). Coupled human-environment dynamics of forest pest spread and control in a multi-patch, stochastic setting. PLOS ONE. 10(10): e0139353.
  88. Jiang, Z.*, Ma, K., Anand, M., & Zhang, Y.(2015). Interplay of temperature and woody cover shapes herb communities along an elevational gradient in a temperate forest in Beijing, China. Community Ecology. 16(2): 215-222.
  89. Das, A.*, Nagendra, H., Anand, M., & Bunyan, M.(2015). Topographic and bioclimatic determinants of the occurrence of forest and grassland in tropical montane forest-grassland mosaics of the Western Ghats, India. PLOS ONE. 10(6): e0130566.
  90. Blanco, C.*, Scheiter, S., Sosinksi, E., Fidelis, A., Anand, M., & Pillar, V.(2014). Feedbacks between vegetation and disturbance processes promote long-term persistence of forest-grassland mosaics in south Brazil. Ecological Modelling. 291: 224-232.
  91. Zhang, Y.*, Zhang, S., Ma, K., Fu, B., & Anand, M.(2014). Woody species diversity in forest plantations in a mountainous region of Beijing, China: Effects of sampling scale and species selection. PLOS ONE. 9(12): e115038.
  92. Barlow, L.*, Cecile, J.*, Bauch, C.T., & Anand, M.(2014). Modelling interactions between forest pest invasions and human decisions regarding firewood transport restrictions. PLOS ONE. 9(4): e90511.
  93. Moles, A., Perkins, S., Laffan, S., Flores-Moreno, H., Awasthy, M., Tindall, M., Sack, L., Pitman, A., Kattge, J., Aarssen, L., Anand, M., Bahn, M., Blonder, B., Cavender-Bares, J., Hans, J., Cornelissen, C., Cornwell, W. et al.(2014). Which is a better predictor of plant traits: temperature or precipitation?. Journal of Vegetation Science. 25(5): 1167-1180.
  94. Wagner, C.*, Schram, L.*, McMullin, R., Hunt, S., & Anand, M.(2014). Lichen communities in two old-growth pine (Pinus) forests. The Lichenologist. 46(5): 697-709.